On this day in 1861, Rabindranath Tagore, the youngest son of Debendranath Tagore, was born in Kolkata. Widely regarded as “Gurudev”, Author of “Gitanjali” and its profoundly sensitive, fresh and beautiful verse, he became the first non-European to win the Nobel Prize in Literature in the year 1913.
Rabindranath composed 3 National Anthems. He composed India’s “Jan Gan Man”, Bangladesh’s “Amar Sonar Bangla” and also Sri Lanka’s National Anthem, which is based on one his poem.
It was “Gurudev” who conferred the title of Mahatma on the Father of our Nation, Mahatma Gandhi.
In his lifetime, apart from beautiful pieces of literature, he also wrote about 2000 songs, which are now known as “Rabindrasangeet”.
Having travelled more than 30 countries, across 5 continents, he fell in love with the concept of Internationalism.
You need an entire lifetime to discover Rabindranath Tagore.
Studying in England, he didn’t complete his education and returned back to India in late 1870s. He published several books of poetry in 1880s. In 1890, he completed Manasi, a collection that marks the maturing of his genius.
He was not just a poet, songwriter, playwright, essayist, story writer, song composer or painter, but he was also someone who kept his nation above everything.
A month after the Jallianwala Bagh massacre in 1919, Tagore renounced his Knighthood on the 31st of May.