The Splendor Of God’s Creation… The Sun
Quran has not left any question unanswered. As Allah knows that man would raise such pointless question that the sun is a God. Allah is expressing His admiration about human beings that “We have certainly created man in the best of stature;” (95:4) but if not used his intellect properly then says “Then We return him to the lowest of the low,” (95:5).
Allah has given the example of the Prophet Abraham AS who grew up in a polytheistic society and his people sought their Creator in the nature around them, but without satisfaction as we read in the Qur’an:
And when the night darkened upon him, he saw a star. He said: ‘This is my Lord!’ But when it set, he said: ‘I like not those that set.’ And when he saw the moon rise with spreading light, he said: ‘This is my Lord.’ But when it set, he said, ‘If my Lord guide me not, I shall surely be of the people who go astray.’ And when he saw the sun rise with spreading light, he said: ‘This is my Lord, this is the greatest.’ But when it set, he said, ‘O my people, surely I am clear of that which you associate with God. I have turned my face towards Him Who created the heavens and the earth, being ever inclined to God, and I am not of those who associate gods with God.’Qur’an 6 : 77-80)
These verses illustrate the extent to which society at that time (around 4000 years ago) had fallen into the worship of celestial bodies. The insight that he was given showed his understanding that bodies that set below the horizon could not exert their influence continually over man, whereas the Creator was (and is) omnipresent encompassing through his knowledge and his power. The verses show how Abraham AS used his arguments to show his people the futility of their ancient beliefs as he had been the recipient of direct revelation; it was not the case that Abraham AS himself had been searching to find his Creator through this process. He realised that the entire universe expresses the divine characteristics of God. This is reinforced in a later verse in the same chapter:
And that is Our argument which We gave to Abraham against his people. (Qur’an 6: 84)
In short, Sun and Moon are subjected by Unseen Creator for human being. So the Sun or the Moon created by God, can not be God. Nevertheless we are living in 21st century where a whole world of knowledge is at our fingertips, the age of information technology where human intelligence has reached to its peak of achieving the true empowerment of technology and other resources. While reflecting and exploring the universe we not only came to know about the planets and stars but also recognised the true reality of the universe, i.e. the creator who has designed the vast universe, has absolute power to control it. This divine book of guidance is filled with secrets that God invites us to explore and ponder over it not just to research on it but recognise the true Lord.
“Then do they not reflect upon the Qur’an, or are there locks upon [their] hearts”? (Qur’an 47: 24)
THE GOD IS THE MANIFESTATION OF THE DIVINE CHARACTERISTICS THROUGH ALL THE CREATED THINGS IN THE UNIVERSE. As Allah stated in the following verse of the quran:
He has subjected the sun and the moon (to continue going round)! Each running (its course) for a term appointed. He regulates all affairs, explaining the Ayat (proofs, evidences, verses, lessons, signs, revelations, etc.) in detail, that you may believe with certainty in the meeting with your Lord. (Qur’an 13:2)